When to Seek Immediate Medical Attention

When to seek medical care immediately:

For Adults:

  • Difficulty with, or noisy breathing or shortness of breath
  • Pain or pressure in the chest or stomach
  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Coughing up bloody sputum
  • Severe vomiting or vomiting that does not go away; or
  • Symptoms improve and then suddenly become worse.

People who have the following pre-existing conditions, and develop flu symptoms, should call their doctor:

  • Heart or lung disease
  • Any other chronic - long-term - health problems which require regular medical attention
  • 65 years or over with generally poor health
  • Have a weak immune system due to any treatment or illness

For Children:

  • Fast or noisy breathing, may be wheezing or grunting when breathing
  • Area below ribs sucks inward (instead of expanding as normal) as young child breathes in
  • Bluish or dark-coloured lips or skin colour, particularly fingers and toes.
  • Drowsiness or you find it is difficult or you are unable to wake your child
  • Severe irritability, not wanting to be held
  • Not drinking enough fluids and/or not going to the toilet regularly (about every 6 hours when awake); or
  • Symptoms improve and then suddenly become worse.

For Babies:

  • Wheezing/difficult breathing
  • Area below ribs sucks inward (instead of expanding) as baby breathes in
  • Has blue lips
  • Is limp
  • Drowsy/difficult to wake
  • Severe irritability
  • Has a seizure
  • Not drinking enough fluids (producing less than four wet nappies in 24 hours)

If you are a breastfeeding mother, ensure you wash and dry hands thoroughly before and after handling the baby. Do not kiss the baby around its mouth or nose.