The measles virus spreads easily via infectious droplets from person to person through the air, via breathing, coughing and sneezing. It starts with fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes, and sore throat. This is followed by a rash that spreads over the body.
If you are exposed to measles and are not fully immunised with proper documentation, you’ll need to be isolated at home for at least 14 days.
The only way to avoid catching measles is to have had two measles vaccinations at least four weeks apart. Children are routinely vaccinated against measles at 15 months and four years. People aged 10 to 29 years are at greatest risk of catching measles, as they're the group least likely to have been fully immunised as children.
Currently MMR vaccination is free for anyone born after 1969, over 4 years of age, who hasn’t had two doses and this vaccine can be obtained from their general practice.