Welcome to the webpages on refugee settlement. The term refugee is a definition in international law described as under the 1951 Convention relating to the status of refugees.
Article 1(A)(2) of the 1951 Convention defines a refugee as an individual who is outside his or her country of nationality or habitual residence who is unable or unwilling to return due to a well-founded fear of persecution based on his or her race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group.
Once someone has been resettled, and is no longer in fear of persecution, terms like a former refugee, someone from a refugee background or new arrival are more commonly used. However, many former refugees are proud of their background and may choose to continue to identify themselves as a refugee.